The opinions expressed in the author's writing belong to the author alone. These opinions have no relations to the view of any academic institution or hospital with which the author is or was affiliated.


The patient stories told are true, but details have been filtered or represented as composites to protect patient privacy. Cases recounted took place over decades in several states at numerous hospitals. While the author gives voice to these stories, most of them are not unique. The author has been given permission to tell some of the more readily identified stories by the people referenced.


The content linked on this website should not be construed as medical advice and should not be generalized to other cases or to active, ongoing medical care.

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